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Dendritic Cell: T-Cell Interactions

Dendritic cells and the immune cell network: DC:T cell interactions.

The key immunoregulatory pathways involve Toll-like Receptors (TLRs), cytokines and chemokines, which initiate and regulate immunity.

Imgenex Immunology Platform and Program

Imgenex is focused on the regulatory network of Dendritic Cell T cell interaction which leads to activation and polarization of responses from different T cell subsets.

Imgenex and Immunology

T cells and T cell subsets comprise around 50% of the ongoing research being done in all of immunology today.

T cell responses are driven by interaction with Dendritic Cells (DCs) through DC activation upon recognition of antigens. TLRs comprise a main means for recognition of antigens by DCs which then process these antigens and activate T cells.

Activation of T cells occurs through the inflammatory/immune signaling cascade of which NF-kappa-B is a major pathway. Activation through the NF-kappa-B pathway leads to production of inflammatory mediators such as IL-1beta, IFNgamma, TNFalpha etc.

Imgenex is very strong in portfolio and reputation for Dendritic Cells, signaling pathways especially NF-kappa-B and Toll-like Receptors and Innate Immunity overall.

Imgenex DC: T Cell Immunoregulatory Network Platform



DC: T Cell Immunoregulatory Network Platform

T cell Subsets

T helper (TH) cells have been categorized by different phenotypes often through their secretion of distinct effector molecules:

Th1 - Interferon- producing TH1 effect Cell Mediated Responses

Th2 - IL-4 producing TH2 cells effect Humoral or antibody mediated responses through activation of B Cells which produce antibodies

Tregs - Regulatory T cells suppress other T cell responses and IL-35 is thought to be one means in which this suppression occurs

Th17 cells appear to mediate and sustain inflammatory responses and are important for maintenance of autoimmunity type diseases.

Other T cell Subsets include
Tfh Cells

Th9 Cells

Imgenex has been building a solid portfolio for T cell subsets over the past several years and is now introducing key competitive and new products especially for Th17 and Tregs:

Th17 Differentiation and Activation



DC: T Cell Immunoregulatory Network Platform
TH17 differentiation pathway. Naive cells can respond to IL-6, IL-21 and TGF-?. Initial stimulation results in STAT3 activation, which subsequently leads to induction of IRF-4, RORt, IL-23R, and IL-21.

An autocrine IL-21 feedback loop further promotes STAT3 activation and RORt expression, stabilizing the TH17 phenotype.

Additional known stimulatory and antagonistic molecules are listed as text in order to simplify the figure (Source: N. Ghilardi, W. Ouyang / Seminars in Immunology 19 (2007) 383–393).

Dendritic Cell: Th17 Polarization and the Inflammatory Response


DC: T Cell Immunoregulatory Network Platform

Schematic Model for Th17 Activation through TLR Activation of DC



DC: T Cell Immunoregulatory Network Platform


Th17 Stable Cell Line



Th17 Antibodies


Th17 Antagonists

ROR gamma Plasmids:


Th17, Immunoregulatory T Cell Markers & Dendritic Cell/T Cell Activation Pathways

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